Unlike Income Tax which is cumulative and assessed across all earnings, National Insurance starts from zero on each individual employment and you also pay National Insurance on Self Employed earnings.
So if you are a Director of multiple businesses paid as an employee its easy to see how you could over pay and you might not even realise because National Insurance is not shown on your Self Assessment Return.
You can also over pay National Insurance if you are a part time employee with multiple employers and irratic earnings, this because National Insurance is calculated on a weekly/monthly basis, not a cumulative basis and its by employer.
What you need to do
Write to HM Revenue and Customs confirming:
- your National Insurance number
- why you’ve overpaid
- the tax year(s) you’ve overpaid
You should include your P60 or a statement from your employer showing the tax and National Insurance for each year you’re claiming for.
You should apply within 6 years of the tax year you’re claiming for.
HM Revenue and Customs
National Insurance Contributions Office
Benton Park View
Newcastle upon Tyne
There are, of course, special rules for deduction and payment of National Insurance by directors which is generally assessed on an annual basis – see http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/nitables/2013/ca44.pdf